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Destination Argentina
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The Land/Geography
The Republic of Argentina occupies most of the southern portion, or southern cone, of South America. With an area of 1,073,399 square miles (2,780,092 square km)--more extensive than Mexico and the U.S. state of Texas combined--it is the eighth largest country in the world. It is bounded by Chile to the south and west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil, Uruguay, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Buenos Aires is the capital.

The country which is approximately three-tenths the size us the United States has four main geographical areas: the Andes, the North and Mesopotamia, the Pampas and Patagonia. The climate and geography of Argentina vary considerably, mostly temperate, arid in the southeast, with extremes ranging from the great heat of the Chaco, through the pleasant climate of the central Pampas to the sub-Antarctic cold of the Patagonian Sea.

Mount Aconcagua soars almost 7000m (23,000ft) and waterfalls at Iguazú stretch around a massive semi-circle, thundering 70m (230ft) to the bed of the Paraná River. The southwest is a small 'Switzerland' with a string of beautiful icy lakes framed by mountains.

Argentina has a wealth of natural resources form the fertile plains of the pampas, including as well lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, and uranium .

The People

Estimated at some 37 million people in July of 2000, the country is predominantly Roman Catholic (92%) with Spanish as the official language. English, Italian, German and French are also widely spoken.

Climate

Argentina lies almost entirely within the temperate zone of the Southern Hemisphere, unlike the rest of the continent to the north, which lies within the tropics. Tropical air masses only occasionally invade the provinces of Formosa and Misiones in the extreme north. The southern extremes of Argentina, which extend to 55º S, also have predominantly temperate conditions, rather than the cold continental climate of comparable latitudes in North America. The South American landmass narrows so markedly toward its southern tip that weather patterns are moderated by the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, and average monthly temperatures remain above freezing in the winter. The temperate climate is interrupted by a long, narrow north-south band of semiarid to arid conditions and by tundra and polar conditions in the high Andes and in southern portions of Tierra del Fuego.

Entry Requirements (Consular Information Sheet)
A passport is required. U.S. citizens do not need a visa for visits up to 90 days for tourism and business. Dependent children traveling alone, with one parent, or in someone else’s custody are required to present at entry or departure a notarized document certifying that both parents agree to their travel. A parent with sole custody should carry a copy of the custody decree. Either document should be notarized before an Argentine consular officer or, if in Argentina, a local notary (escribano). For current information concerning entry and customs requirements for Argentina, travelers can contact the Argentine Embassy at 1600 New Hampshire Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20009, tel. (202) 939-6400. Travelers

may also contact the nearest Argentine consulate in Los Angeles, Miami, Atlanta, Chicago, New York, or Houston.

Departure tax
The departure tax is US$13 for all flights, except for flights to Montevideo (Uruguay) being US$5. Passengers in transit and children under two years of age are exempt of paying departure tax.

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